The Kerkennah Islands: a Mediterranean archipelago
06 July 2018

The Kerkennah Islands: a Mediterranean archipelago

The Kerkennah Islands: a Mediterranean archipelago The Kerkennah Islands </ h3> The islands of Kerkennah form an archipelago within the Mediterranean Sea, 20 km from the Tunisian coast, off Sfax. They gather about six islands, of which only the two largest ones are inhabited: Gharbi in the West, also called Mellita, named after its unique [...]
6 July 2018

The Kerkennah Islands: a Mediterranean archipelago

The Kerkennah Islands </ h3>

The islands of Kerkennah form an archipelago within the Mediterranean Sea, 20 km from the Tunisian coast, off Sfax. They gather about six islands, of which only the two largest ones are inhabited: Gharbi in the West, also called Mellita, named after its unique village and Chergui in the East, the great Kerkennah. These two islands are connected by a 600-meter-long route that existed since Roman times. A wide road crosses the archipelago, unfurling its 35 km from Sidi Youssef in the West to El Attaya in the East. It crosses Melitta, then arrives on Chergui, strong as for fifteen villages among which Remla, capital and administrative center of Kerkennah. All of these villages include about 14,400 inhabitants (2004 census), a figure that is increased tenfold in the summer, by the return of emigrants returning from mainland Tunisia, France or Italy.

Specific Geographical Conditions

The archipelago has little relief with a maximum altitude measured at 13 meters. It is subject to a relatively dry climate with less than 200 mm of precipitation per year and its soils are frequently saline, especially in the lagoons - sebkhas - which dot the territory.
Palm trees, trees typical of the Kerkennah islands, nevertheless manage to prevail in the landscape, despite the poverty and salinity of the soil.
If, as a result, the quality of the fruit is poor and reduces their consumption mainly to livestock feed, the palm tree is also used for its trunk and palms, in the manufacture of fishing equipment..